A well-decorated space, like everything else, starts off with understanding the ABCs. While there isn’t anything wrong with trying out new techniques and trends, it’s best to know the principles of design before discovering new ground.
A superbly decorated space not only functions well, but it sets a mood or feeling and displays the personality of the folks that live there. You can get the same results in your home with some understanding of key interior design principles. Combine that knowledge with experimentation and practice to designing a lovely home.
Balance in interior design doesn’t necessarily mean perfectly symmetrical designs. There are several ways to create balance with elements of various visual weights, sizes, and forms. In interior design, balance generates a sense of symmetry. It’s all about approximating or equalizing the visual weight of things. Not only is balance created through pattern, but through shape, texture, and color.
There are 3 kinds of balance:
- Formal or symmetrical
Formal or traditional spaces require proportioned balance where the room is equally divided into two sides. For instance, four seats on either sides of a dining table are said to be in proportion.
This type of balance is simple to create as design aspects are recurrent on both sides. If you’re not careful, however, this type of balance can be boring and monotonous.
- Informal or asymmetrical
The visual weight of colors, textures, forms and lines are proportioned without replication. It’s not as well-arranged as symmetrical balance and can be more interesting and complex.
- Radial balance
It’s achieved when there’s a central focal point with other elements exuding from around it. A good example would be a sphere-shaped coffee table, with seats placed around it. There’s a lot of repetition of texture, color, and form.
In music, rhythm is the pulse or beat of the musical expression. In design, however, rhythm is all about visual pattern recurrence. Visual rhythm is based on movement. It can be attained in any space by: Progression, Repetition, and Alteration. Repetition is the repeated use of design elements such as pattern texture and color. Alteration, on the other hand, is the process of creating rhythm by interchanging elements. In progression, elements are arranged descending or ascending depending on their color, size or other characteristics.
In interior design, it’s okay to picture the residence as a sequence of spaces connected by stairways and halls. So, it’s fitting that a common theme and style runs throughout. Interior design aspects should work collectively and complement one another to support the entire composition.
Design’s biggest rival is monotony. A perfectly designed space has, dependent on its size, a focal point. Focal points must be visually stimulating to inspire and dominant enough to grab the viewer’s attention. A focal point must leave a long-lasting impression but must also be a vital part of the decoration connected through color, style or theme.
Details in interior design go well beyond the accessories in a room. Think of the details as decorations in a cake. They are the subtle small touches that can make huge impact in a room. Things like a crystal lamp, outlet covers, or trim on a pillow and decorative switch plate add a touch of personality to your home that brings your design scheme full circle!
Proportion and scale
Have you been in a small room where the furniture overpowers the room; or a large room in which the furniture feels overshadowed by the space? If you’ve ever been, then you understand the importance of scale. Scale refers to the size of items in a room.
On the flip side, proportion is the relative size measured against a standard or mental norm. This principle is extremely important when redesigning a room.
The choice of color in design is maybe the most personal element that inspires emotions in people since color has an effect on the value of life. We all have a favorite color, and they have particular associations to certain colors. Colors also have a certain effect on the environment that you want to create when designing. For instance, gray and white have a neutral effect, purple, blue and green give a cool effect while orange yellow and red give a warm aura.
This is the repeating visual elements such as texture, colors, lines, shapes, or images unifies the total effect of artwork as well as create rhythm. A few ways to incorporate repetition is through wallpaper, carpet, tile or fabric.
Interior design for your home is an endless process. We all have dislikes and likes, so there is no template for interior design of these types. These principles of design should guide you when you start discussing your ideas with your interior designer or when you begin any DIY job.
Admittedly, interior design is a big project for homeowners. It is very important that a house should offer relaxation and warmth to the residents and present a lasting first impression on the guests and visitors. Interior design ideas have significantly transformed in the last decade, and fresh new design ideas can be easily found on the internet.